The success of films like Little Fugitive, which had been made with low (or sometimes non-existent) budgets encouraged a huge boom in popularity for non-studio films. In 1981, the same year that United Artists, bought out by MGM, ceased to exist as a venue for independent filmmakers, Sterling Van Wagenen left the film festival to help found the Sundance Institute with Robert Redford. 3 Burbank, CA 91522 818-954-4939. In the early 1980s, New Line Cinema agreed to work with him on Polyester (1981). In 2004 Panasonic released the DVX100 camcorder, which featured film-like 24-frame per second shooting rate. Cinemation Industries: United States », 8180 Films: Independent Film Production Company. Founded in 1962 by Jonas Mekas, Stan Brakhage, Shirley Clarke, Gregory Markopoulos, and others, the Cooperative provided an important outlet for many of cinema's creative luminaries in the 1960s, including Jack Smith and Andy Warhol.  The European Commission for Culture has an Audiovisual sector, for example, whose role is most notably to help distribute and promote films and festivals across Europe. George Lucas would leave Zoetrope in 1971 to create his own independent studio, Lucasfilm, which would produce the blockbuster Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises. Maya Deren was soon joined in New York by a crowd of like minded avant-garde filmmakers who were interested in creating films as works of art rather than entertainment. The efforts of the SIMPP and the advent of inexpensive portable cameras during World War II effectively made it possible for any person in America with an interest in making films to write, produce, and direct one without the aid of any major film studio. A number of filmmakers declined or were refused membership to the trust and came to be described as "independent". Defunct 1998. The Edison Trust was soon ended by two decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States: one in 1912, which canceled the patent on raw film, and a second in 1915, which cancelled all MPPC patents. In 1985, the now well-established Sundance Institute, headed by Sterling Van Wagenen, took over management of the US Film Festival, which was experiencing financial difficulties. Listen here », Stephen Lang’s Medal of Honor Movie ‘Beyond Glory’ Picked Up by Gravitas », Stephen Lang, Lightstorm Film About Military Heroes ‘Beyond Glory’ Acquired By Gravitas », Girl on the Train Premiering on LMN (Lifetime Movie Network) », James Cameron, Jon Landau to Exec Produce "Beyond Glory" », "Put yourself in the hands of a talented storyteller, writer-director Larry Brand." New Line Cinema/Other. Instead of needing a post-house to do the editing, independent film makers can now use a personal computer and cheap editing software to edit their films. Within a few years, ambitious men like Samuel Goldwyn, Carl Laemmle, Adolph Zukor, Louis B. Mayer, and the Warner Brothers (Harry, Albert, Samuel, and Jack) had switched to the production side of the business. 8180 Films’ features have played at the Mumbai International Film Festival, the Oaxaca Film Festival and in festivals across the country, including Newport Beach Film Festival, Napa Valley Film Festival, Sedona International Film Festival, Chelsea Film Festival, New York City’s VisionFest and Traverse City Film Festival. Privately held, originally headquartered in. Though Coppola made considerable efforts to resist the influence of the studios, opting to finance his risky 1979 film Apocalypse Now himself rather than compromise with skeptical studio executives, he, and filmmakers like him, had saved the old studios from financial ruin by providing them with a new formula for success. The final class of film consisted of genre and specialty films administered by independent producer-distributors with only a few dozen or possibly a few hundred-release campaigns screens in select urban markets. It was previously impossible to capture the extreme wild of mother nature because of the lack of maneuverability with film cameras; however, with the creation of DSLRs, documentary filmmakers were able to reach hard-to-get places in order to capture what they couldn't have with film cameras.. By 1924, Griffith had dropped out and the company was facing a crisis: either bring in others to help support a costly distribution system or concede defeat. Still, even with a broadening of the company, UA struggled. », "The audience is taken for a ride in this thought-provoking reverse twist on a fairy tale." Pickford produced a few films, and at various times Goldwyn, Korda, Walt Disney, Walter Wanger, and David O. Selznick were made "producing partners" (i.e., sharing in the profits), but ownership still rested with the founders. 8180 Films: Independent Film Production Company Since 2008, our independent film production company, 8180 Films, has produced four independent feature films, including a post WWII drama, ( Christina ), a comedy documentary, ( The Coexist Comedy Tour ), a neo-noir suspense thriller, ( The Girl on the Train ), and a performance documentary ( Beyond Glory starring Stephen Lang ). Additionally, the Commission organizes policymaking, research, and reporting on "media literacy" and "digital distribution. The acquisitions of the smaller studios by conglomerate Hollywood was a plan in part to take over the independent film industry and at the same time start independent studios of their own. The veteran producer Joseph Schenck was hired as president. These cameras also perform better than traditional film because of its ability to perform in extremely dark/low light situations. PRC), Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, Donostia-San Sebastian International Film Festival, Buenos Aires International Festival of Independent Cinema, "Indie Film Financing makeindependentfilms.com", "Don't Lose It At The Movies The Brothers McMullen and Blair Witch—yes. This is a list of film production and distribution companies. However, by the late 1960s, audience share was dwindling at an alarming rate. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_film_production_companies&oldid=981989013, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Formed through the merger of four large studios, Oldest continuously active studio in the world, First and oldest film company in the world, Defunct in 1977 (temporarily), 2006 comeback, Branch of Mediaplex, Inc., entertainment arm of. ", in this thought-provoking reverse twist on a fairy tale. We… In the mid-1970s, the major Hollywood studios continued to tap these new filmmakers for both ideas and personnel, producing films such as Paper Moon (1973) and Taxi Driver (1976), all of which met with critical and commercial success. Usually, but not always, independent films are made with considerably lower budgets than major studio films.. However, at the same time that the maverick film students of the American New Wave were developing the skills they would use to take over Hollywood, many of their peers had begun to develop their style of filmmaking in a different direction. Though the eventual breakup of the studio system and its restrictive chain-theater distribution network would leave independent movie houses eager for the kind of populist, seat-filling product of the Poverty Row studios, that same paradigm shift would also lead to the decline and ultimate disappearance of "Poverty Row" as a Hollywood phenomenon. Thus UA did not have the overhead, the maintenance or the expensive production staff which ran up costs at other studios. Several acclaimed films were made with this camera, for example Iraq in Fragments. Our recently completed feature, 8180 Films' Writer/director Larry Brand dies at 69, Larry Brand, Screenwriter on 'Halloween: Resurrection,' Dies at 69, Filmmaker And ‘Halloween: Resurrection’ Writer Was 69, Author and filmmaker Larry Brand died peacefully in his home. As the 1950s progressed, the new low-budget paradigm of filmmaking gained increased recognition internationally, with films such as Satyajit Ray's critically acclaimed Apu Trilogy (1955–1959). Levy, Emanuel. It was the first antitrust suit brought by producers against exhibitors alleging monopoly and restraint of trade. The Trust was a cartel that held a monopoly on film production and distribution comprising all the major film companies of the time (Edison, Biograph, Vitagraph, Essanay, Selig, Lubin, Kalem, American Star, American Pathé), the leading distributor (George Kleine) and the biggest supplier of raw film, Eastman Kodak. In addition to new digital cameras, independent film makers are benefitting from the new editing software. While the kinds of films produced by Poverty Row studios only grew in popularity, they would eventually become increasingly available both from major production companies and from independent producers who no longer needed to rely on a studio's ability to package and release their work. The Hollywood oligopoly replaced the Edison monopoly. The Contemporary Hollywood Film Industry. Since 2008, our independent film production company, 8180 Films, has produced four independent feature films, including a post WWII drama, (Christina), a comedy documentary, (The Coexist Comedy Tour), a neo-noir suspense thriller, (The Girl on the Train), and a performance documentary (Beyond Glory starring Stephen Lang). Lynch instead chose to direct a big budget adaptation of Frank Herbert's science fiction novel Dune for Italian producer Dino De Laurentiis's De Laurentiis Entertainment Group, on the condition that the company release a second Lynch project, over which the director would have complete creative control.  Other large events include the Toronto International Film Festival, Hong Kong International Film Festival, and the Panafrican Film and TV Festival of Ouagadougou. By the mid-1930s, at the top were the five major studios, 20th Century Fox, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, Paramount Pictures, RKO Pictures, and Warner Bros. Then came three smaller companies, Columbia Pictures, United Artists, and Universal Studios. This change would further widen the divide between commercial and non-commercial films. In early 1910, director D.W. Griffith was sent by the Biograph Company to the west coast with his acting troupe, consisting of performers Blanche Sweet, Lillian Gish, Mary Pickford, Lionel Barrymore, and others. Even though new cinema camera such as the Arri Alexa, RED Epic, and the many new DSLRs cost thousands of dollars to purchase, independent films are still cheaper than ever, creating footage that looks like 35 mm film without the same high cost. The following are all indie studios owned by conglomerate Hollywood: By the early 2000s, Hollywood was producing three different classes of films: 1) big-budget blockbusters, 2) art films, specialty films and niche-market films produced by the conglomerate-owned indies and 3) genre and specialty films coming from true indie studios and producers. In an attempt to capture this audience, the Studios hired a host of young filmmakers (many of whom were mentored by Roger Corman) and allowed them to make their films with relatively little studio control. Both Engel and Anger's films won acclaim overseas from the burgeoning French New Wave, with Fireworks inspiring praise and an invitation to study under him in Europe from Jean Cocteau, and François Truffaut citing Little Fugitive as an essential inspiration to his seminal work, The 400 Blows. In 1978, Sterling Van Wagenen and Charles Gary Allison, with Chairperson Robert Redford, (veteran of New Hollywood and star of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid) founded the Utah/US Film Festival in an effort to attract more filmmakers to Utah and showcase what the potential of independent film could be.
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